Antigua California: Mission and Colony on
the Peninsular Frontier, 1697-1768
by Harry W. Crosby
(University of Arizona Southwest Center Book)
Hardcover – May 1, 1994
The photo on the cover is a watercolor facsimile of the original art, by Joanne Haskell Crosby, depicting San Jose del Cabo, based on the original drawings of Padre Ignacio Tirsch.
First published in 1994 and now available again, this Spanish Borderlands classic recounts Jesuit colonization of the Old California, the peninsula now known as Baja California. Jesuit missionaries founded their first settlement in 1697 and unintentionally created a Hispanic society that outlived the missions and their Indian converts. The author brings to light Jesuit missionization and culture, European-Indian contacts, mission and presidio operations, family social life, the unique peninsular economy, and the Jesuit expulsion.
The following are quotes from customer comments on Amazon.com
“For a scholar, the book is eminently useful: full of maps, chronological tables of people and places, explanations of systems and bureaucracies. For the history buff, it is a dream of readability and detail.”
“A chemistry teacher turned archeologist, anthropologist and historical researcher, Crosby’s book is without question a serious scholarly work but reads as easily as a novel. ”
The original San José del Cabo Añuiti Mission Church was built in April 8, 1730.
Founded near the southern end of the California peninsula, this was one mission that served one of the reasons for occupying California (to resupply the Manila Galleon on its long return to Acapulco from Asia).
The Pericú Revolt of 1734 destroyed the mission, and over its years, the mission moved locations at least 4 times between the beach and 5 miles inland.
The mission was closed in 1748, and for the next 20 years it was a visita (satellite mission station) of Santiago. It was returned to mission status with the arrival of the Franciscans who replaced the Jesuits after their forced removal.
No ruins remain today at any of the 4 sites, but the modern church in the town plaza is built on the final site.
Marquis Mcdonald identified two of the old mission sites during his excursion during 1949-1950, but there was very little remaining to determine the size or shape. His book, Baja: Land of Lost Missions reports his findings.
Established in 1730 by Jesuits Father Nicolas Tamaral and Jose Echeverria, the first Mission building was established close to the Estero (Rio San Jose), soon they have to move locations do to a
mosquito infestation the new location was San Jose Viejo.
Constructions at that time were simple adobe structures
with stick and palm roofs and do to storm damage and Pericu Indians sacked and destroying the buildings the Missionaries had to move the mission location on several times. Father Tamaral rebuilt the Mission on the Santa Rosa area.
In 1734 Father Tamaral pronounced against polygamy, this pronouncement caused a rebellion, where the Pericu Indians burned the Mission and during the uprising, Father Nicolas Tamaral was murdered with great cruelty, The Jesuit Fathers left the Baja Peninsula in 1768.
In 1793 the Mission was destroyed by a storm and rebuilt in 1799.
From 1820’s to 1840’s due to wars and the poor conditions of the building the Mission was abandoned in 1840.
In 1932 the actual Mission was built across to the Plaza Mijares, being served by Combodian Missionaries from 1948 – 1986. Actually the Mission of San Jose has been in the Hands of Diocesan Clergy and attended by Father Juvencio Gonzalez.
English Mass: Sunday at 12 Noon
Phone: (624) 142-0064
From an old website: http://www.cabomission.com/
San José del Cabo Catholic Chruch • Misión de San José del Cabo Anuiti.
Photo June 22, 2015 • Joseph A. Tyson
Mission San José del Cabo was the southernmost of the Jesuit missions on the Baja California peninsula, located near the modern city of San José del Cabo in Baja California Sur, Mexico.The southern cape of the Baja California peninsula had been an often-visited landmark for Spanish navigators (as well as English privateers) for nearly two centuries when a mission was finally established at the Pericú settlement of Añuití in 1730 by Nicolá Tamaral. Initially located near the beach, the station was subsequently moved inland about 8 kilometers.In 1734 the Pericú Revolt broke out, Tamaral was killed, and the mission was destroyed. In 1735–1736, the reestablished outpost was moved back closer to the coast, but it served as a visita for Mission Santiago and as the site of a Spanish presidio. In 1753, San José del Cabo was again moved inland. In 1795, under the Dominicans, the surviving native population of Mission Santiago was transferred to San José del Cabo. The mission was finally closed in 1840.